THE FORMER COMENSOLI FORGE THAT NOW IS A PLAYROOM OF THE MUNICIPALITY
The Municipality of Bienno bought it in 2000 from the Family of Comensoli Giacomo “Caino”, sons of “Angilì de l'Africano”, a known forgeman from Bienno. Its original purpose of use was the “caadura” forge originally for the production of buckets, after it turned into the “scartadura” one for the production of shovels, spades and hoes.
Its activity closed down in the eighties. After being bought by the Municipality, the forge was restored in 2004 for being used as a Playroom and it still preserves the hammer, the vine-shoots, the “tina de l’ora”, the balance and the shear.
It is interesting to be observed because it preserves the typical structure of the forge, with the façade along the street that documents its masonry construction with a few openings of small sizes and on the roof there is a dormer-window called “finestrall”, from which the smoke came out.
You can also observe in this façade a wrought iron cross that evidences a work tragedy that happened in the forge to Giovanni Comensoli, son of “Angilì de l'Africano” and brother of Giacomo Comensoli. Its plan has the typical extended shape and along the wall that borders on the duct are placed the hammer, the vine-shoots, the hooking of furnance and outside the “la tina de l’ora”. On its outside are still visible the wheels moved by the water that flows from the duct in the “pump”, from which the water comes out and makes it work by knocking the wheel.
The “érbor” (drive shaft) is connected to the wheel; the transformation of the rotary motion of the wheel into the reciprocating rectilinear motion of the hammer happens through the plates that raise and lower the “mànek” (the arm of the hammer) that is formed of a walnut wooden log, to which end is fixed the “có del mai”, in other words the steel hammer with a lower cavity where is fixed the “bóca”, which is the part that strikes the iron during the working. Depending on the types of working the “bóca” has a different form.
The “mànek” is inserted in a crossbar that rests on two large granite blocks called “hóche”. A perch device, called “pirtighina”, was used to change the sizes of the hole of the water downflow and so the amount of water that falls on the wheel, consenting the adjustment of the beat speed depending on the type of working.