The Valiga House
THE VALIGA HOUSE (The Renaissance small palace)
This small building has a traditional Renaissance façade with arcade and porches, but reduces it to the module-base (only one span on the ground), because the width of the view is really limited.
Despite its small size, it contains architectural elements and decorative solutions of a particular value.
The plaster of the façade preserves traces of a quarry decoration.
The noble floor was occupied by one large hall decorated with frescoes; originally there were no rooms inhabited.
So the building had not residential functions, but it served as a sales and representative office for the nearby palace, to which was doubly connected through an air passage and an underground one, which were placed at its back.
The small palace is preceded by a little cobbled courtyard, whose depth is completely occupied by the stone staircase that leads upstairs, at the right. The arcade has one span covered by a cross vault; two twin portals that have a hanger shape, lead to the double storage, which is covered, as usual, with circular vaults.
On the first-floor, the loggia has three small arches round, which are placed on columns; on the upper floor there is the traditional wooden loggia; the actual top floor, that has a wooden terrace supported by pillars, is a subsequent additional storey.
The great depressed arch on the ground floor rests on elegant quadrangular semi-capitals incorporated into the wall: the right one has a simply moulding; on the other hand, the left one has an elegant decoration in polished flutes.
The arcade includes three free columns and two lateral semi-columns, which are supported by the wall.
Elegant in size, they have decorative elements, which are particularly accurate.
The bases have angular leaves; one of the five capitals has acanthus leaves, the remaining ones have fat leaves, but with individual variations, for example, in width and in volute (the curl) of the angular leaves.
In the abacus of one of the lateral capitals is engraved the date 1500; on the contrary, between the leaves of the other one, you find an emblem with vertical bands and clovers, that is similar to the one engraved in the portal at number 27 of Via di Mezzo (di Mezzo’s Street).