The Bettoni House
THE BETTONI HOUSE (THE RENAISSANCE SMALL PALACE)
This building almost keeps intact the fifteenth-century structure and through the comparison with the Avanzini tower (see card), it allows us to consider the architectural evolution from the medieval fortified home to the rich Renaissance residence.
In the functional and typological essentiality of the tower, is added the planimetric multifunctionality and articulation of the palace; from the introverted building block, almost it has no relation with the context, we move to a structure that is decidedly extroverted, in which the passage from outside to inside, from public to private, is mediated by a certain number of open elements: the yard fenced in, the porch and balconies, the numerous gates.
The Bettoni House has the typical structure of a Renaissance small palace, that nevertheless interprets with some variations of adjustment the irregularities of the context, particularly with the introduction of broken plans and intersections that are not orthogonal.
The small palace spreads over three floors; there is also a basement where you can find the cellars. On the ground floor, preceded by a porch made up of cross bays, there are working and storage spaces.
The house occupies the mezzanines and overlooks a porch with masonry arches on the intermediate floor, which is completely wooden on the upper floor. You can reach the cellars by means of an external stones staircase; and you can reach on the upper floors climbing up a wooden staircase, which are built within the arcades.
The façade is entirely “pierced”: to the large depressed arches of the ground floor, set up on squat pillars with a simple capital that has truncated pyramids, the arches overlap round the balcony, rested on elegant columns with a capital that have rich leaves: on the upper floor, finally, the balcony is completely wooden and it is supported by pillars in volute brackets.
You can lead to the arcade through an elegant architraved classical-Renaissance portal; the shape of the arcade entrances is similar but without the upper moulding.
The treatment of the architectural details and the research of dimensions focus the intermediate floor, which is considered as a noble and representative floor; on the ground floor, however, the solutions are concrete and essential, coherently with the “working” function of the environment. The balcony on the top floor, that has a private use, contains simple but accurate elements and meets in shapes and materials the need of agility.