13th Panel

THE “PARADA” MILL

The presence of the Mill “de la Parada” is documented in the Napoleonic Map of 1821 with the number 890, in these recent years it has been transformed into a residence; there has been preserved only the big wooden wheel that evidences its productive function.
The mill was used only for grinding the cereals and it worked until the sixties of the twentieth century, when the last miller Mendeni Martino closed down his activity. Its denomination “de la Parada” is derived from the place where it arose, as well as the forges with the same name and that are located a bit further on, following the Vaso R (the R Duct).
The current structure, even if it has been enlarged in comparison with the original one, makes us understand the nature of a building which might carry out this specific activity.
So, the outside walls of the building, with the ceiling made up of wooden, were completely built in masonry.
The openings had not large dimensions and in that sense corresponded with those of the houses. On the ground floor there was the room with the millstone, the gears of which were connected to the big wheel with a “rbor”, in other words with the drive shaft, that is completely similar to that of the hammers. It is also notable for the working machineries of the mill the use of the wood that often was of a different type depending on the kind of use.
The millstones were made up of granite as it was particularly resistant to the wear due to the continuing clutch between the millstones. On the ground floor there was usually a storehouse, where the sacks of cereals for being ground were kept and then the same milled cereals, but there was also a cellar used by the miller, who lived above the mill.
In fact, on the first and second floor there was the residence of the miller, consisting of a few rooms, such as a kitchen and two or three bedrooms. In particular cases of mills with several millstones, the space assigned to the activity could take two different floors, as well as in the Mill of the Tobia a Cimbergo Family.
The only trace that remains of the “de la Parada” Mill is the wheel called “rud” (the big wheel) just for its size. In fact, the diameter of the mill wheels is bigger than the one of the hammer wheels, because the speed necessary to move the millstone is lower.
The “rud de la Parada” shows, what was the original operation “per di sotto”, when during its running water makes the wheel move from below rather than from above. The Vaso R (the R Duct) in this place is so made up of stones, protected by a simple wall in heap of stones, and it is still preserved the typical guillotine sluice-gate for diverting water.