10th Panel

THE PANTEGHINI MOMOLI SAWMILL

The Vaso R (the R Duct) itself is a witness to the presence of a large sawmill in this area, which now has become a storage; there is to be observed the suspended passage of the Vaso R (the R Duct) where the water flows on the surface but also underground, in fact, from some holes comes out the air due to the passage of the water that flows and you can also hear its sound.
Just passing under the suspended pipe are still visible the sawmill traces, which was owned by the Panteghini “Momoli” family, that in the country was called “rzega”, as this is the dialectal term of sawmill. The sawmill machineries, such as the “venetian saw” and the circular one, were moved by the wheels driven by the waterfalls of the Vaso R (the R Duct).
A large square, still visible, consented the stacking up of the logs and the cut boards that seasoned in the open air.
Here was brought the stuff cut on the mountains of Bienno from the “bohkaii” (the woodsmen) with the tools built by hand by the forgemen, such as the “manra” (the lumberjack’s hatchet or the axe), which was used for cutting off the branches of the forest trees; the “hgrr” (the axe) used for cutting down the forest trees; the “hpartidar” (a large tooth blade) used to cut the logs of a large diameter, in fact, was used by two people and for this reason it was fitted with handles at both its ends; the “podta” (the billhook) and the “podtt” (the sickle), the first one was hanging on the belt through the “rampna” (the hook) and was used for the small coppering, while the second was carried in the pocket of the trousers and was used for cutting off small branches and twigs, but also for other uses such as cutting the cheese or the sausage; finally there were used the “knek” (the splitters) for breaking off the stumps or the logs.
The cut trees were pines, larchs and deals; they were brought to “rzega” from “prealar”, who drove the “prela”, a real cart, but also the “caradll”, consisting of only two wheels and a tiller “tim”, where were loaded on the longer logs.
The information about “bohkaii” has been gathered from the book of Giacomo Morandini, entitled Bienno in the twentieth century, Breno, 1995, page 33.