THE NEW PROTAGONISTS IN THE CAROLINGIAN PERIOD: THE MONKS OF TOURS (774 AD)
In 774 AD the territories of the Camonica Valley were donated by Carlo Magno (Charlemagne) to the Monks of Tours: firstly to the Eusebiani and later to the Benedictines.
It was a period full of innovation and changes.
There were built new forges working with the hammer wheel and wheat millstone, both fed by the water of the Vaso Ré (the Rè Duct), whose construction began exactly in those times.
Other changes were the construction of the castrum, in other words the power centre; the transformation from the shantytown to the farmhouse, consisting of a part dedicated to the lords - pars dominica - and another given to the peasants - pars massaricia -; and the recognition of the economic independence to the villages and the local craft activities (the “vicinie”).
The decisive transformation of urban centres also dates back to this period that is the basis of the today’s settlement typology. The new parapet is offered as a narrative occasion in order to recall the hard work of the monks in the cornfields.