The Tower House in Via Santa Maria (Saint Mary's Street)
THE TOWER HOUSE IN VIA SANTA MARIA (SAINT MARY’S STREET)
This building block includes the remains of some buildings with typically medieval characters, gathered around a courtyard to which you can enter through a vaulted passage.
They formed a fortified residential nucleus of which remain not only traces of mighty walls made up of large squared and carefully aligned blocks, but also architectural solutions of a particular value.
The rigorous and accurate stone dressing and assembling, show a highly specialized constructive technique, related to a context of rich orders and skilled labours, that date back to the fourteenth century.
The façade that overlooks Via Santa Maria (Saint Mary’s Street) shows the tower-gate rested on a palace that, despite some changes, still retains the original wall.
You can also find traces of it in the internal façade, subjected to substantial revisions, and on the left of the tower body. In the courtyard you can recognize, joint to subsequent buildings, the volume of a tower.
The tower-gate is crossed by the passage that leads to the courtyard.
The slightly pointed portal is made up of L-ashlars, which are closed with T-keystones; these shapes consent the mutual locking of the elements and their perfect annexation to the lateral wall.
The abutments of the arch, made up of squared blocks and placed on large driveway stones, are also toothed to the wall; a chamfered passes through the internal edge of the whole opening.
The door on the first floor presents materials, shapes and technique similar to that of the portal and it was probably overlooked a wooden balcony.
On the ground floor, within the courtyard, overlook two arched portals that have some fourteenth-century features, with pentagonal ashlars and abutments made up of large stones, of which the lower has an L-shape.
The manufacturing is particularly careful: the visible surfaces are bush-hammered and the internal edge has a double chamfer. On the first floor, you can see the same manufacturing in an architraved gate, which is now partially plastered.
Then, there are, both within the yard and on the road, some windows that, even though they are buffered or partially modified, retain the original structure: for example, the internal one that you find on the first floor of the tower or those walled up on the exterior façade.
Made up of simona elements with triangular ending lintel, they have the characteristic shape of the shift from medieval typologies to almost fifteenth-century styles.