Discovering the Vaso Re (the Rè Duct), along the story illustrated by water

DISCOVERING THE VASO RE (THE RE’ DUCT), ALONG THE STORY ILLUSTRATED BY WATER

The cultural and educational route along the “Vaso Re” (the Rè Duct), within the old town centre of the Municipality of Bienno, aims to set off this artificial flume (that was already operating between 950 and 1050 AD by derivating the water from the Grigna stream and its affluents), so putting into action its transformation into an integrated museum system, just in order not to lose the traces of a heritage that has created work and living in this territory for whole generations.

Until the mid-twentieth century there were active in the territory of Bienno about forty forges; there worked one hundred and fifty families of forgers and in additional activities, charcoal burners, woodsmen, carters, and muleteers; as well the use of the Vaso Re (the Rè Duct) involved the daily life and the rural activities.
The big changes in the organization of the work and the society, between the sixties and the seventies of the twentieth century, led to a strong reduction of the activities related to the ironworking, so that they led then to the preservation of a few forges and only one mill.
The project shows the strategic importance that this route has in this part of the Camonica Valley territory.
In fact, it is identified as a pole of a demo-anthropological nature and so of the material culture, which can prove the great resources of our land: water and iron.
The possibility is that of covering the old ironworking capital of the Camonica Valley, in other words the territory of the village of Bienno, just along the visible course of the artificial flume, which gave the kinetic force necessary for the operation of all mechanisms of the mills, the forges and the sawmills.
The route also allows us to wander through one of the most preserved old town centres in the Camonica Valley, in order to discover what has made this territory valuable. The initiative is proposed as a service structure of a collective use and it integrates and joins with each other the museum spaces already present in the territory: such as: “the Forge-Museum", the "Mill-Museum”, “the forging School” and “the Playroom”.
The route through the "Vaso Re" (the Rè Duct) in Bienno intends to appreciate a big cultural resource present in this area, since it is unique of its kind in the whole province of Brescia.
The pedestrian route proposes a slow achievement of the whole system of the "Vaso Re" (the Rè Duct) in the opposite direction of the water flowing, beginning from the border with Berzo Inferiore up to the one with Prestine, for a way of about two kilometres.
This route also offers other ways of being read: firstly, for its particular acoustic characteristics but also tactile, it can be considered as a SENSORY ROUTE to all intents and purposes: in fact, the water is not just a tape to be followed, but also a soundtrack to be heard... it can be also addressed to blind people.
The route is self-independent and self-sufficient: in fact, the visitor can follow the route proposed by the external panels placed in the "didactic stations" without necessarily visiting the cultural/museum articulations, which are already operating. The route offers levels of different difficulty, by moving in two directions: length and widening.

It is subsequently proposed the tourist route extracted from the research work carried out by the two architects Ivana Passamani Bonomi and Lucia Morandini Ruggeri.

1st Panel: THE FORMER FRANZONI FORGE THAT NOW BELONGS TO THE MUNICIPALITY
2nd Panel: THE VASO RE (THE RE’ DUCT) SYSTEM NEXT TO THE OLD CAPPELLAZZI-PANTEGHINI-MORANDINI
SAWMILL
3rd Panel: THE FORMER COMENSOLI FORGE THAT NOW IS A PLAYROOM OF THE MUNICIPALITY
4th Panel: THE VASO RE (THE RE’ DUCT) SYSTEM OF THE FORMER COMENSOLI FORGE
5th Panel: THE ALPIFER ROLLING MILL
6th Panel: THE VASO RE (THE RE’ DUCT) SYSTEM AT THE INTERSECTION BETWEEN VIA ARTIGIANI AND PIZZO
BADILE (ARTIGIANI’S AND PIZZO BADILE’S STREET)
7th Panel: THE BETTONI AND SANTELLA FORGES OF VIA ARTIGIANI (ARTIGIANI’S STREET)
8th Panel: THE VASO RE (THE RE’ DUCT) SYSTEM BETWEEN THE FRANZONI “BALOCC” FORGE AND
COMENSOLI DOMENICO “DINO DE GAETANI” ONE
9th Panel: THE FORGE-MUSEUM
10th Panel: THE PANTEGHINI MOMOLI SAWMILL
11th Panel: THE UGLY BARRACK-LIKE BUILDING
12th Panel: THE FOUNTAIN OF VIA PRATI (PRATI’S STREET)
13th Panel: THE “PARADA” MILL
14th Panel: THE COMPLEX OF THE “DE LA PARADA” FORGES
15th Panel: THE VASO RE (THE RE’ DUCT) SYSTEM WITH THE DRAIN INTO THE GRIGNA
16th Panel: “THE CONTROL UNIT” AND THE GREAT BRANCH IN THE VASO RE (THE RE’ DUCT)
17th Panel: THE MILL OF TEMPINI FAMILY THAT NOW IS A MILL-MUSEUM
18th Panel: THE FOUNTAIN OF ROMA’S SQUARE
19th Panel: THE WASH-HOUSE OF VIA RE (RE’S STREET)
20thPanel: THE FOUNTAIN OF VIA RE (RE’S STREET)
21thPanel: THE ARCHES AND PORTALS OF VIA PRESTINE (PRESTINE’S STREET)
22th Panel: THE VASO RE (THE RE’ DUCT) SYSTEM WITH THE “BURTULI’ BETOLA” FORGE
23th Panel: THE BALLERINI FORGE
24th Panel: THE ERCOLI “PIRLÍ” FORGE THAT NOW BELONGS TO THE MUNICIPALITY
25th Panel: THE VASO RE (THE RE’ DUCT) SYSTEM AND THE WASH-HOUSE
26th Panel: THE RE’ DUCT SYSTEM LONG VIA PROVINCIALE (PROVINCIALE’S STREET) (THE ROUTE OF THE
EFFIGIES)
27th Panel: “Biénn fontanéar”: the water course through the fountains
28th Panel: “Biénn fontanéar”: the water course through the fountains